Early diagnosis is vital. Most sight-threatening diabetic problems can be managed if treatment is carried out early enough.
Our Understanding Eye Conditions Related to Diabetes guide is accredited by the Royal College of Ophthalmologists. It’s designed to give you a detailed understanding of your eye condition and helpful advice on next steps.
Diabetes can affect your eye in a number of ways, but not everyone who has diabetes develops an eye condition.
If you have diabetes, it’s really important for you to have regular eye tests and diabetic retinal screenings.
It’s important that the changes diabetes causes in your eye are picked up early because if treatment can be given at the right time, it can help prevent sight loss.
The most serious eye condition associated with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. It occurs when the tiny blood vessels at the back of your eye become blocked and leak.
There are different types of diabetic retinopathy
You can get a more in-depth look at the different types and associated treatments in our Understanding Diabetes guide.
You can reduce your risk of developing retinopathy, or help to stop it from getting worse, by:
If your sight is at risk from retinopathy and it has been picked up early enough, you will be given laser treatment. The aim of laser treatment is to prevent bleeding or to prevent the growth of new blood vessels for people with diabetic retinopathy.
If you develop diabetic macula oedema you may be offered treatment with an injection into the eye. Whether you need treatment for macula oedema will depend on how much swelling you have in your macula.
You can get an in-depth look at laser and injection treatment in our Understanding Diabetes guide.
Trying to adjust after a diagnosis of sight loss can seem overwhelming at first and it might involve some changes to your life.
We’re here to support you every step of the way, and to answer any questions you may have about your sight loss or day-to-day living.
For information about Northern Ireland, please download our Starting out: Benefits, concessions and certification in Northern Ireland leaflet:
If you've got any questions, speak to us by calling our Helpline on 0303 123 9999.
"Knowing RNIB is there is so reassuring, like a comfort blanket."
Living with sight loss shouldn’t mean an end to doing most of the things you like to do.
We will help you maximise your vision and make the most of the sight that you have.
If you haven’t already now would be a good time to join RNIB Connect, our connected community of everyone affected by sight loss.
Sight loss can make managing your diabetes more difficult.
Carol finds that lighting, magnifiers and bumpons (a tactile aid) are some of the products that help her maximise her vision.
Diabetes UK is the leading charity who supports and connects those affected by diabetes.
Read information and advice on diabetes from NHS Choices.
Moorfields Eye Hospital has information on diabetic retinopathy.