Strategies for teaching learners with vision impairment

Post date: 
Friday, 6 October 2017
Teacher talking to learner at their desk in the classroom

From sport and science to music and maths, this resource series covers key things you need to know when adapting lessons for students with vision impairment (VI).

The Macular Society, which is a national charity for anyone affected by central vision loss, has produced useful resources to help teachers make lessons more accessible for learners with VI.
Below is only a snapshot of what can be done and more guidance is available in the downloadable resource link below each section.


  • Add scents and textures to materials.
  • Do tactile activities – like making sculptures.
  • Use contrasting colours when painting.

Download all tips



  • Magnification aids are available for learners with low vision.
  • Post-its on pages aid the student to find a chapter or page.
  • Raised dots help to show the beginning and end of a passage.

Download all tips



  • Does the VI student need the graph? If it represents an object, could the object itself be used, or could it be made tactile using a 3D printer? Or what about a simple model?
  • Use accessible equipment like speaking calculators and tactile rulers.

Download all tips



  • Use instruments with a high tactile quality – like a cabasa.
  • Use musical dialogue with repetition and pauses.
  • Use yellow tape to mark instruments.

Download all tips



  • Can the activity be handled and explored?
  • Use tactile markers on equipment to help students find handles or their place.
  • Use visual language to describe the object or activity.

Download all tips



  • Don’t stand with the sun behind you.
  • Use equipment which makes a sound – like a ball with bells in it.
  • Use yellow tape on cones to mark out the field perimeter.

Download all tips

Check out the rest of the resources including general tips, Geography, History and ICT on the Macular Society website.

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