What does the Equality Act mean for people with sight loss?
The Legal Rights team from our Sight Loss Advice Service explains.
The Equality Act legally protects people from discrimination, including disability discrimination. The legislation aims to help people with a “protected characteristic” and disability is a protected characteristic.
No. The Equality Act applies in England, Scotland and Wales. In Northern Ireland similar legislation called the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) applies. The answers below are relevant to both pieces of legislation.
People who are certified as sight impaired or severely sight impaired automatically meet the definition of a disabled person in both the Equality Act and the DDA.
A person has a disability, and so has a protected characteristic, if they can show they have a “physical or mental impairment” that has a “substantial and long-term effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities”.
The legislation protects people from direct discrimination and four other types of discrimination. For more information on the types of discrimination see our factsheet.
It covers employment, occupation, provision of goods and services (such as shopping, banking and public services) travel and transport, education, premises (buying and renting houses or flats), private clubs and public authorities.
Service providers, organisations and employers have a duty to make reasonable adjustments to avoid putting people with disabilities at a substantial disadvantage compared to people who are not disabled. This includes making changes to provisions, criteria or practices, altering physical features and providing equipment.
People can challenge discrimination in different ways. These range from raising a complaint or grievance to starting a court case. The first step should be to make a complaint (or raise a grievance for employment situations). Many disputes can be resolved through making a complaint. However, if this does not work, seek advice from RNIB Legal Rights Service. Remember – there are time limits for taking court action. These are three months starting from the date discrimination happened for employment cases and six months for other cases – so check the date of the discrimination to ensure deadlines are not missed.
Yes. Customers can contact us on 0303 123 9999 or [email protected]. RNIB's Helpline is open Monday to Friday 8am to 8pm and Saturdays 9am to 1pm. Professionals can email queries to [email protected]. We will respnd as quickly as we can.
RNIB’s Legal Rights team has produced an Equality Act Toolkit that can help people challenge discrimination. The Toolkit guides people through making an effective complaint and includes a standard letter that they can send to service providers with their own complaint letter. There are also factsheets or call 0303 123 9999.