Myopia, also known as “being short sighted”, causes your vision to be blurry in the distance but clearer when looking at things up close.

Myopia is a very common focusing problem, and for most people it can easily be corrected using glasses or contact lenses, making vision clear and crisp. Most people with myopia have healthy eyes.

Pathological myopia is different from simply being short sighted. Pathological myopia means that you are very short sighted and that this has caused degenerative changes to the back of your eye. Pathological myopia can cause a reduction in your sight that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses.

This page contains a summary of our information on myopia and pathological myopia. To read our full information, download our factsheet:

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