Shop RNIB Donate now

How to keep your eyes healthy

An older male patient has his eyes checked by an optometrist.
An older male patient has his eyes checked by an optometrist.
Keeping your eyes healthy doesn't have to be stressful we have resources and guidance on important things like eye examinations and eye safety.

In this section

Getting the treatment you need

NHS England successfully treats hundreds of thousands of people with eye conditions every year. Even so, occasionally, blind or partially sighted people, and people at risk of sight loss, find it difficult to get the information or timely treatment they need, or are just not treated well.

How the eye works

We need light to see what is around us and to see colour. Light bounces off the objects we look at and different objects reflect different amounts of light, which we see as different colours. The different parts of the eye work together to turn these light rays into images.

Eye examinations

Most people should have their eyes tested at least once every two years.

Protect your eyes from the sun

Research suggests that the harmful UVA and UVB rays contained in sunlight may be a factor in several eye diseases, in particular cataracts.

Smoking and sight loss

Smokers double their risk of developing AMD, one of the UK's leading causes of sight loss

Eye safety

Accidents involving the eyes can have potentially sight-threatening consequences. There are a few simple things that can be done to lessen the risk of activities that may lead to eye damage or accidents.

Looking after your eyes

Having a regular eye examination (eye test) with your optometrist (optician) is the best way to make sure that your eyes are healthy.