Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is the disability benefit for people of working age that has replaced Disability Living Allowance (DLA).

How does PVD change with time?

Find out what PIP is, how to claim it, how much it is worth and how its introduction affects you if you are already receiving DLA.

What is PIP?

Being ill or having a disability can often make life more expensive. PIP is a benefit that is meant to help you with the extra costs caused by illness or disability – including sight loss.

You can get PIP if you are aged 16 or over and under state pension age when you start your claim.

Alternatively, if you are:

  • state pension age or older and claiming for the first time, then you will need to claim Attendance Allowance, not PIP.
  • state pension age or older and already receive DLA, you may or may not be moved to PIP, depending on whether you were born before 8 April 1948 (20 June 1951 if you live in Northern Ireland). Our PIP factsheet explains more about the rules around continuing to claim DLA after State Pension Age.
  • under 16 and claiming help for the first time, you should make a claim for DLA. When you turn 16, you will then have to make a claim for PIP.

To make a claim for PIP you must:

  • be habitually resident in the UK (this is decided by looking at a number of factors including reasons for coming to the UK, the length of your stay, future intentions, and previous links with the country)
  • and satisfy the past presence test (you must have been present in the UK for 104 out of the previous 156 weeks).

These two rules are complicated and there are some exceptions, so contact our Helpline if you think you may have difficulty passing these tests.

PIP is meant to help with daily living activities and getting out and around. Because of this, it is split into two parts or 'components': a daily living component and a mobility component. You might be successful in claiming one or both of these components.

Each component then has two rates:

  • a standard rate for people who have a limited ability to carry out daily living or mobility activities because of their physical or mental condition
  • an enhanced rate for people who have a severely limited ability to carry out daily living or mobility activities because of their physical or mental condition.

PIP is not a means-tested benefit – so you can claim it no matter what your income is – and it is not taxable.

You can hear about PIP and how to claim it in our audio Q and A.

How much is PIP worth?

The daily living component:

  • the standard rate is £61.85 a week
  • the enhanced rate is £92.40 a week.

The mobility component:

  • the standard rate is £24.45 a week.
  • the enhanced rate is £64.50 a week.

The rates for PIP will rise with inflation each year.

How do I make a new claim for PIP?

If you live in England or Wales, call the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) for free on 0800 917 2222 (textphone 0800 917 7777). If you live in Northern Ireland call the Department for Communities (DfC) on 0800 012 1573 (textphone 0800 587 0937)The DWP or DfC will take initial details of your claim while you are on the phone.

If you live in Scotland please note that PIP is gradually being replaced by Adult Disability Payment (ADP), before making a claim you should check if ADP has gone live in your area, if it has you will need to claim ADP through Social Security Scotland instead of PIP through the DWP. You can call Social Security Scotland on 0800 182 2222. Further information on ADP can be found in our factsheet:

Once the PIP claim process has started, the DWP/DfC will then automatically generate a claim form for you and send it to you. Your claim form will include a barcode (to uniquely identify your form) and some parts of it will already be completed for you (your name, address and date of birth, for example). You then complete the rest of the form and send it back to the DWP/DfC.

Please note that you can also request that you are sent (and can return) the PIP2 form electronically. You must provide an email address to which DWP/DfC will send you a message containing information and guidance on accessing and returning the PIP2.