Personal Independence Payment (PIP)

Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is the disability benefit for people of working age that has replaced Disability Living Allowance (DLA).

Find out what PIP is, how to claim it, how much it is worth and how its introduction affects you if you are already receiving DLA.

What is PIP?

Being ill or having a disability can often make life more expensive. PIP is a benefit that is meant to help you with the extra costs caused by illness or disability – including sight loss.

You can get PIP if you are aged 16 or over and under state pension age when you start your claim. If you are:

  • state pension age or older and were born before 8 April 1948 (or born before 20 June 1951 if you live in Northern Ireland) PIP is not the benefit that you can claim to help with extra costs. If you are claiming help for the first time, it will be Attendance Allowance. If you have reached your state pension age and already receive DLA, you will remain on DLA.
  • under 16 and claiming help for the first time, you should make a claim for DLA. When you turn 16, you will then have to make a claim for PIP.

To make a claim for PIP you must:

  • be habitually resident in the UK (this is decided by looking at a number of factors including reasons for coming to the UK, the length of your stay, future intentions, and previous links with the country)
  • and satisfy the past presence test (you must have been present in the UK for 104 out of the previous 156 weeks).

These two rules are complicated and there are some exceptions - if you live in a European Economic Area country, for example - so contact our Helpline if you think you may have difficulty passing these tests.

PIP is meant to help with daily living activities and getting out and around. Because of this, it is split into two parts or 'components': a daily living component and a mobility component. You might be successful in claiming one or both of these components.

Each component then has two rates:

  • a standard rate for people who the DWP decide have a limited ability to carry out daily living or mobility activities because of their physical or mental condition
  • an enhanced rate for people who the DWP decide have a severely limited ability to carry out daily living or mobility activities because of their physical or mental condition.

It is not a means-tested benefit – so you can claim it no matter what your income is – and PIP is not taxable.

How much is PIP worth?

The daily living component:

  • the standard rate is £58.70 a week
  • the enhanced rate is £87.65 a week.

The mobility component:

  • the standard rate is £23.20 a week.
  • the enhanced rate is £61.20 a week.

The rates for PIP will rise with inflation each year.

How do I make a new claim for PIP?

You should call the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) for free on 0800 917 22 22 (0800 917 77 77 if you use a textphone). The DWP will take initial details of your claim while you are on the phone.

The DWP will then automatically generate a claim form for you and send it to you. Your claim form will include a barcode (to uniquely identify your form) and some parts of it will already be completed for you (your name, address and date of birth, for example). You then complete the rest of the form and send it back to the DWP.