Given the restriction measures currently in place due to COVID-19, some rules around claiming and assessments for benefits have been changed or relaxed in the short term. For up to date information, call our Helpline on 0303 123 9999 from 8am to 8pm weekdays or 9am to 5pm Saturdays.
Universal Credit is a means-tested benefit for people of working age on a low income, whether you are in work or not. It has replaced the following existing benefits, which are now known as “legacy benefits”:
Income-based Jobseeker's Allowance
Income-related Employment and Support Allowance
Child Tax Credit
Working Tax Credit
You can hear about Universal Credit and how to claim in our audio Q and A.
Claims can be made by filling in a form online by visiting gov.uk/apply-universal-credit. This online system should meet the guidelines for accessibility and so should work with magnification and screen reading technology on computers and other devices.
If you cannot access the internet and make your claim online, or feel that you need more support to do this, there are other ways for you to make your claim:
Help to Claim Service Citizens Advice (England and Wales) and Citizens Advice Scotland provide a Help to Claim Service. To access this support, contact your local Citizens Advice Bureau.
If you are unable to claim online, you can make a telephone claim where a Universal Credit Case Manager will set up an account for you, record the data gathered, submit your claim and identify your claim as a phone claim on the system. To access a telephone claim you can call the Universal Credit Helpline on 0345 600 0723 and explain why you cannot apply online.
If you require additional support, you can request access to the DWP Home Visiting Team. This is where the DWP would arrange for DWP staff or a “Local Service Support” to visit your home to complete the online form for you. To request a home visit, you can call the Universal Credit Helpline on 0345 600 0723 and explain why you need this service.
Note that during the coronavirus outbreak, DWP routine face-to-face home visiting service has been suspended, with a few exceptions for vulnerable claimants. If you require support to make a claim, please contact the our Helpline on 0303 123 9999 to discuss the options available to you.
We have created a series of Toolkits to support you in making your claim, obtaining reasonable adjustments, requesting backdating and preparing you for agreeing your Claimant Commitment.
For guidance on how to claim and receive appropriate support and adjustments.
You can request to backdate the start of your Universal Credit claim for up to a maximum of one month if you can show that you were unable to claim sooner due to ill health, disability or if the system has failed, meaning you have been left out of pocket.
If there was a delay in starting your claim due to difficulty getting through on the Universal Credit Helpline since the coronavirus lockdown, you may be eligible for a backdate. Our Backdating Toolkit can support you to make this request.
For guidance on how to request backdating of your Universal Credit claim:
If you need help paying bills or covering other costs while you wait for your first Universal Credit payment, you can apply to get an advance. The advanced payment will cover the amount of your first estimated payment. Note that if you are affected by coronavirus, you will be able to receive up to a month’s advance upfront.
You apply for an advance through your online journal or by calling the Universal Credit Helpline.
You must agree a Claimant Commitment in order to receive Universal Credit. If you fail to carry out the agreed actions, Jobcentre Plus may suspend your benefits. Use our top tips for signing your Claimant Commitment to ensure that your benefits are not suspended.
Note that in light of the coronavirus outbreak, you will not be required to attend a face-to-face interview to accept your Claimant Commitment. DWP has put in temporary arrangements that allow for the Claimant Commitment to be accepted over the telephone, or in some cases via the online journal.
If you are claiming the work capability component of Universal Credit due to disability or illness you will undergo a medical test called the Work Capability Assessment.
At this current time all face to face assessments have been suspended until at least the the middle of June 2020 due the coronavirus outbreak. Assessments are being carried out over the phone, using the information in your UC50 form and by obtaining further medical evidence (where possible) instead. The process will continue in this way until such time as the restrictions are lifted.
For more information about the Work Capability Assessment, please see our factsheet on the topic:
Severe Disability Premium protection and compensation
From 16 January 2019, if you are entitled to a legacy benefit that includes a Severe Disability Premium (SDP), or have been within the last month, then you will be protected from natural migration and you will not be able to claim Universal Credit. Instead, you will remain on legacy benefits until you are moved over through the ‘move to UC’ process.
If you were previously entitled to an SDP and claimed Universal Credit before 16 January 2019, you may be entitled to an additional payment within your Universal Credit award from July 2019. The current proposal includes a 'transitional SDP amount' ranging between £80 and £360 per month since your move to Universal Credit.
If you have received a backdated payment to compensate you for your lost disability premiums, please call our Sight Loss Advice Service on 0303 123 9999 to let us know. You may be entitled to additional compensation and our Legal Rights team can give you more information and support you to take the matter further.
For more information about Universal Credit, who can claim it, how much it is worth and how to appeal a decision, please see our factsheet: